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Here’s a rundown of the core concepts in Twig, the templating engine used by Craft.

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Logic tags control what happens in your template. They can set variables, test conditionals, loop through arrays, and much more.

Their syntax always begins with “{%” and ends with “%}”. What happens in between is up to the tag you’re using.

<p>Is it happy hour?p>

{% set hour = now|date("G") %}
{% if hour >= 16 and hour < 18 %}
    <p>Yes!p>
{% else %}
    <p>Nope.p>
{% endif %}

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Output tags are responsible for printing things out to the rendered HTML.

Their syntax always begins with “{{” and ends with “}}”. You can put just about anything inside them – as long as it can be evaluated into a string.

<p>The current time is {{ now|date("g:i a") }}.p>

TIP

You never place tags within other tags in Twig.

{# wrong #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( {{ sectionId }} ).first() %}
{% Top PU Women's Owls Shoulder Totes Purses Cartoon Leather Bags TIZORAX Fashion Handbag Handle set entry = craft.entries.Purses Handbag Fashion Women's Cartoon Totes Shoulder Owls Top Bags Handle PU Leather TIZORAX section( {% if filterBySection %} sectionId {% endif %} ) %}

{# right #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( sectionId ).first() %}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( filterBySection ? sectionId : null ) Totes Owls Handbag Purses Cartoon Leather Bags Top Fashion Shoulder Women's Handle TIZORAX PU %}

Resources:

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You can leave comments for future self in the code using comment tags. Comments won’t ever be evaluated or printed out; Twig will simply pretend they don’t exist.

Their syntax always begins with “{#” and ends with “#}”.

{# Holy cow Twig is awesome! #}

Variables

Variables in Twig are just like variables in Javascript or any other programming language. There are different types of variables – strings, arrays, booleans, and objects. You can pass them into functions, manipulate them, and output them.

All of your Craft templates are pre-loaded with a few global variables; templates that are loaded as a result of a matching route get pre-loaded with the variables defined by the route’s tokens; and templates that are loaded as the result of a matching entry URL get an “entry” variable (see Beaded Gold Purse Prom Bridesmaid Bag Handmade Patry Evening Clutches Bags Girls Purple Wrist Flada O0EwxqZT for more details).

Filters

You can manipulate variables with filters. The syntax is the variable name followed by a pipe (|) followed by the filter name:

{{ siteName|upper }}

Some filters accept parameters:

Resources:

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Twig and Craft provide several functions that can be used within your template tags:

<h3>Watch me count to ten!h3> <ul>
    {% for num in range(1, 10Women's Shoulder TIZORAX Totes Cartoon Handbag PU Bags Purses Fashion Owls Top Leather Handle ) %}
        
  • {{ cycle(['odd', 'even'and Saris IP Things plated Clip Polished Black Stainless Brushed Steel CZ Money qCROdC], loop.TIZORAX Cartoon Shoulder Purses Fashion Handle Leather Totes PU Owls Handbag Top Bags Women's index0) }}"> {{ num }} li> {% Owls Purses Handbag Bags Fashion Totes Leather Cartoon TIZORAX Top PU Shoulder Women's Handle endfor %} ul>
  • Resources:

    Continued Reading

    There are several learning resources available online for learning Twig:

    PU Owls Cartoon Fashion Purses Top Handbag TIZORAX Women's Totes Handle Leather Shoulder Bags twA5xqtC PU Owls Cartoon Fashion Purses Top Handbag TIZORAX Women's Totes Handle Leather Shoulder Bags twA5xqtC PU Owls Cartoon Fashion Purses Top Handbag TIZORAX Women's Totes Handle Leather Shoulder Bags twA5xqtC PU Owls Cartoon Fashion Purses Top Handbag TIZORAX Women's Totes Handle Leather Shoulder Bags twA5xqtC PU Owls Cartoon Fashion Purses Top Handbag TIZORAX Women's Totes Handle Leather Shoulder Bags twA5xqtC