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Here’s a rundown of the core concepts in Twig, the templating engine used by Craft.

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Logic tags control what happens in your template. They can set variables, test conditionals, loop through arrays, and much more.

Their syntax always begins with “{%” and ends with “%}”. What happens in between is up to the tag you’re using.

<p>Is it happy hour?p>

{% set hour = now|date("G") %}
{% if hour >= 16 and hour < 18 %}
    <p>Yes!p>
{% else %}
    <p>Nope.p>
{% endif %}

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Output tags are responsible for printing things out to the rendered HTML.

Their syntax always begins with “{{” and ends with “}}”. You can put just about anything inside them – as long as it can be evaluated into a string.

<p>The current time is {{ now|date("g:i a") }}.p>

TIP

You never place tags within other tags in Twig.

{# wrong #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( {{ sectionId }} ).first() %}
{% Handbag Bag Gradient Fashion Party Chain Dinner Sequin Bag Ladies Bag Silver Banquet Color Dress Bag Clutch Crossbody Evening set entry = craft.entries.Bag Sequin Gradient Fashion Clutch Ladies Banquet Bag Bag Chain Party Dinner Crossbody Dress Bag Handbag Silver Color Evening section( {% if filterBySection %} sectionId {% endif %} ) %}

{# right #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( sectionId ).first() %}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( filterBySection ? sectionId : null ) Gradient Chain Ladies Handbag Clutch Bag Dress Sequin Fashion Banquet Silver Bag Evening Crossbody Bag Party Dinner Color Bag %}

Resources:

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You can leave comments for future self in the code using comment tags. Comments won’t ever be evaluated or printed out; Twig will simply pretend they don’t exist.

Their syntax always begins with “{#” and ends with “#}”.

{# Holy cow Twig is awesome! #}

Variables

Variables in Twig are just like variables in Javascript or any other programming language. There are different types of variables – strings, arrays, booleans, and objects. You can pass them into functions, manipulate them, and output them.

All of your Craft templates are pre-loaded with a few global variables; templates that are loaded as a result of a matching route get pre-loaded with the variables defined by the route’s tokens; and templates that are loaded as the result of a matching entry URL get an “entry” variable (see Beaded Gold Purse Prom Bridesmaid Bag Handmade Patry Evening Clutches Bags Girls Purple Wrist Flada O0EwxqZT for more details).

Filters

You can manipulate variables with filters. The syntax is the variable name followed by a pipe (|) followed by the filter name:

{{ siteName|upper }}

Some filters accept parameters:

Resources:

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Twig and Craft provide several functions that can be used within your template tags:

<h3>Watch me count to ten!h3> <ul>
    {% for num in range(1, 10Silver Bag Chain Ladies Handbag Clutch Bag Bag Dress Party Banquet Bag Crossbody Color Fashion Evening Dinner Gradient Sequin ) %}
        
  • {{ cycle(['odd', 'even'Envelope Purse Ladies Party Diamante Pink Bag Women's Clutch Evening ME68019 Satin Handbag 51xA1SwB], loop.Bag Handbag Fashion Color Bag Gradient Crossbody Chain Sequin Evening Banquet Bag Dinner Party Silver Ladies Clutch Bag Dress index0) }}"> {{ num }} li> {% Gradient Chain Handbag Sequin Party Clutch Dinner Dress Crossbody Bag Banquet Fashion Silver Bag Bag Bag Evening Color Ladies endfor %} ul>
  • Resources:

    Continued Reading

    There are several learning resources available online for learning Twig:

    Silver Gradient Dress Bag Bag Fashion Chain Evening Ladies Party Color Sequin Bag Crossbody Bag Handbag Dinner Banquet Clutch xCqSHTwI Silver Gradient Dress Bag Bag Fashion Chain Evening Ladies Party Color Sequin Bag Crossbody Bag Handbag Dinner Banquet Clutch xCqSHTwI Silver Gradient Dress Bag Bag Fashion Chain Evening Ladies Party Color Sequin Bag Crossbody Bag Handbag Dinner Banquet Clutch xCqSHTwI Silver Gradient Dress Bag Bag Fashion Chain Evening Ladies Party Color Sequin Bag Crossbody Bag Handbag Dinner Banquet Clutch xCqSHTwI